Tuesday, 31 October 2023 00:00

Causes and Treatment for Foot Drop

Foot drop, a condition that affects one foot and impedes the ability to walk normally, can stem from various causes. Most commonly, foot drop results from peroneal nerve injury, often linked to sports injuries or surgical incidents, like hip or knee replacements. Spinal problems, such as slipped discs, may also compress the peroneal nerve, as can prolonged leg crossing, kneeling, or squatting. Peripheral neuropathy from diabetes can damage nerves and weaken muscles, potentially leading to foot drop. Extended immobility, such as hospital stays, can cause muscle weakness, including those governing foot movement. The main symptom of foot drop is a marching gait that requires a higher lifting of the knee with each step to allow the toe to clear the ground. Addressing foot drop can involve customized exercise regimens to strengthen and stretch leg and foot muscles. Devices, including braces, splints, or shoe inserts may help to promote foot stability and reduce fall risks. Electrical nerve stimulation aids nerve activation, which may be beneficial for stroke or multiple sclerosis patients. Surgery may be considered in cases of permanent foot drop, involving joint fusion for stability or nerve repair and grafting to restore function. For a clear idea of how to manage foot drop, it is suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist. 

If you have any concerns about your feet, contact one of our podiatrists from Georgia Blue Foot and Ankle. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Biomechanics in Podiatry

Podiatric biomechanics is a particular sector of specialty podiatry with licensed practitioners who are trained to diagnose and treat conditions affecting the foot, ankle and lower leg. Biomechanics deals with the forces that act against the body, causing an interference with the biological structures. It focuses on the movement of the ankle, the foot and the forces that interact with them.

A History of Biomechanics

  • Biomechanics dates back to the BC era in Egypt where evidence of professional foot care has been recorded.
  • In 1974, biomechanics gained a higher profile from the studies of Merton Root, who claimed that by changing or controlling the forces between the ankle and the foot, corrections or conditions could be implemented to gain strength and coordination in the area.

Modern technological improvements are based on past theories and therapeutic processes that provide a better understanding of podiatric concepts for biomechanics. Computers can provide accurate information about the forces and patterns of the feet and lower legs.

Understanding biomechanics of the feet can help improve and eliminate pain, stopping further stress to the foot.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Douglasville, GA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Biomechanics in Podiatry

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